SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
WHAT ARE SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs)?
A sexually transmitted infection is an infection that is spread through sexual contact (i.e. vaginal, anal or oral sex) with a person who has the infection. Sometimes people with STIs have symptoms and sometimes they do not.
WHAT CAUSES SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS?
A wide variety of bacteria and viruses can cause STIs. Bacterial STIs are typically treated with antibiotics. STIs caused by virus may or may not cause symptoms and are more difficult to eliminate, although many treatments to control and prevent symptoms are available.
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR CONTRACTION OF STIs?
WHAT ARE THE BEST WAYS TO PREVENT STIs?
CAN SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AFFECT MY PREGNANCY?
Yes. An STI during pregnancy can be passed to the baby. This can lead to many health problems in the baby. Gonorrhea and chlamydia can lead to eye infections and pneumonia, syphilis can cause miscarriage, still birth or congenital defects. HIV can also be passed from the mother to the baby.
WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON STIs?
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| © 2014-2018 copyright Taraneh Shirazian, MD