WHAT IS CONTRACEPTION?
Contraception, also called birth control, is prevention of pregnancy.
ARE THERE NATURAL FORMS OF BIRTH CONTROL?
Yes, but these methods, listed below, are not as effective as medical or surgical methods of preventing pregnancy.
I AM INTERESTED IN CONTRACEPTION. WHAT ARE MY OPTIONS?
COMBINED HORMONAL BIRTH CONTROL
There are three main types: the pill, skin patch, and the vaginal ring.
Each of these contain two hormones: estrogen and progestin.
PROGESTIN-ONLY BIRTH CONTROL
This can be an oral pill or injection and it contains the hormone, progestin. Efficacy is similar to combined hormonal options. Other progestin only options will be discussed below (implant and IUD).
WHAT ARE THE BARRIER METHODS OF CONTRACEPTION?
These include the diaphragm, sponge, cervical cap, male condom, female condom and spermicide.
WHAT IS LONG-ACTING, REVERSIBLE CONTRACEPTION?
There are two general categories: The Intrauterine Device (IUD) and birth control implant. These are the most effective forms of reversible birth control, last several years and are easy to use.
WHAT IS STERILIZATION?
A permanent method of birth control; for women this involves tubal occlusion, which closes fallopian tubes so the egg can’t get to the uterus to be fertilized. This is considered irreversible.
WHAT IS EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION?
This is offered referred to as the morning after pill. It is a type of contraception used after unprotected sex or if birth control was forgotten, broke or used incorrectly. It prevents pregnancy if taken within 120 hours of unprotected intercourse. There are three types: Plan B or One Step (hormone pill), Ella (non-hormonal pill) or the copper IUD.
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| © 2014-2018 copyright Taraneh Shirazian, MD